Diabetic Diet Plan And Food Guide
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Diabetic - Nutrients of Benefit

Food supplements and herbs can help to prevent or delay the onset of the long term diabetic complication. Following are some food that will help slow the progress of many long-term complication associated with diabetes like blindness, heart disease, kidney failure and gangrene leading to amputation.

Fiber
Soluble fiber helps prevent drastic shifts in blood sugar levels, making it a good weapon against diabetes. On top of this, soluble fiber can also lower the cholesterol level. Soluble fiber targets the "bad" LDL faction and leaves the "good" HDL alone. It blind cholesterol in the intestine and prevent it from being reabsorbed. Foods high in soluble fiber include fruits, vegetables, oats and dried bean.

Eicosapentaenoic Acid (EPA)
EPA is a particular group of essential fatty acids that has shown to have a beneficial effect on the vascular system. Among vascular system problems related to diabetic include:

  • Higher levels of blood lipids such as triglycerides and cholesterol

  • Platelet aggregation, which is responsible for beginning a blood clot thus interfering the blood flow

  • Red blood cells are inflexible making it hard for these cells to enter very small capillaries. This reduces   the oxygen supply to the tissues

  • Small blood vessels become constricted

  • Higher blood pressure

EPA is found in cold-water fish such as mackerel, haddock, sardines, anchovies, salmon and tuna.

Gamma Linolenic Acid (GLA)
The process of conversion of dietary linolenic acid (the main saturated fat from vegetables) to GLA is inadequate in people with diabetes. Lack of GLA may cause problem with the sheath covering the nerves and reduces blood flow. GLA have positive effect in the approach to prevention and treatment of of diabetic neuropathy. The main source of GLA is evening primrose oil and borage oil seed.

Vitamin E
Benefits of vitamin E which concern the diabetic include:

  • help to dissolve fresh clots in veins

  • reduces the oxygen requirements of tissues and cells

  • helps form new skin in healing burns and ulcers

  • increase the blood supply to tissues and thus reduces diabetic gangrene and amputations

  • reduce the need for insulin

  • prevents the platelets from clumping together to form dangerous pre-clots

Vitamin E has no negative side effect, but only one caution. Vitamin E interact with vitamin K. If you are deficient in vitamin K or are on medication to prevent clotting, you should take high levels of vitamin E only under medical guidance.

Vitamin C
Vitamin C is extremely important for us because it is involved in so many areas of health. Vitamin C stimulates our immune system to be more aggressive which is very important to diabetics because of their risk of infection. Vitamin C is essential in healing of wounds. This remarkable vitamin can also protects and preserves vitamin E.

B Complex
B complex is another important vitamin set for diabetic, it intimately involved in sugar metabolism and energy release.

  • in neuropathy about 80% diabetic patients have some improvement with B complex

  • some members of the B complex have been reported to increase glucose utilization in diabetics

  • B6 supplementation may reverse some forms of diabetes associated with pregnancy

Zinc
Zinc is the most valuable mineral to diabetics. Insulin contain an amazing amount of zinc. Diabetics tend to have higher zinc requirements because:

  • replacement for zinc lost in urine

  • a diabetic pancreas contains only about 50% the amount of stored zinc of a normal person

  • zinc aid in the process of healing wounds

  • zinc can stimulate immune system

Magnesium
Magnesium has a fundamental role in carbohydrate metabolism, and specific role in the efficient action of insulin. Lack of magnesium can contribute to poor control of the diabetic condition. Low levels of magnesium are also associated with heart disease which is more serious for diabetics due to their propensity for heart disease.

Alpha Lipoic Acid
Alpha lipoic acid helps to increase utilization of glucose and improves blood sugar control in both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. Alpha lipoic acid blocks Glycation (the process by which glucose combines with proteins causing major tissue destruction resulting in neuropathy, kidney damage and retinal injury). Diabetics generally have low levels of alpha lipoic acid and it is important for them to receive it as a supplement.

 

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