Diabetic Diet Plan And Food Guide
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Blood Sugar Levels

Diabetes is a controllable disease. One of the most helpful tools for managing your diabetic condition is a home blood glucose monitor. These are readily available, inexpensive, and in many cases covered by health insurance.

The average home testing unit is compact, and uses tiny chemically reactive strips to measure glucose levels in the blood. A spring loaded ‘pen’ is fitted with a sterile lancet (a tiny needle embedded in a plastic sheath) and discharged against a fingertip or the forearm. A strip is inserted into the machine, and a clean drop of blood applied. A digital readout will inform you of your results within seconds.

The guidelines for blood sugar vary slightly from person to person, but an average chart follows to provide a general idea of ideal parameters.


On waking up (before breakfast) 80 to 120mg/dl
Before meals 80 to 120mg/dl
2 hours after meals 160mg/dl or less
At bedtime 100 to 140mg/dl

Your doctor may give you target levels that differ slightly from these depending on your specific condition. Keeping track of your levels for a predetermined length of time and charting your activity in a log or journal is the best way to track your glucose tolerance. Type one diabetics should plan to test before and after each meal or insulin injection, and Type 2 patients should test in the morning, 1-2 hours after each main meal, and before bed.

Write down the date, time and result of each test. Make notes of each meal and snack, and keep track of your physical activity. Take this log with you to each doctor appointment. After a few weeks you will begin to see patterns and you can adjust your habits to maintain a steady glucose level. Ideally, you will be able to cut back on testing as your body settles into a stable routine.

Monitoring your blood sugar levels is the most important part of diagnosing


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